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The Good Samaritan
Jesus introduces the Samaritan as the caring person, after a priest and a Levite had refused to give the wounded man kindness or forgiveness!
The Samaritan traveler doesn't move over to the other side of the road, but when he sees the wounded man he takes pity on him. The Samaritan acts with courage; he binds up the wounds of the injured man, perhaps with his own headcovering or by tearing strips from his garment. The Samaritan also pours on oil and wine as healing agents. Olive oil was widely used to keep skin smooth, to soften wounds, and to heal bruises and deep cuts. Wine, perhaps, was poured on for cleansing. Wine would have had some disinfectant properties.
The Samaritan's love of his neighbor proved costly. He used his own supplies to cleanse and soothe the man's wounds, his own clothing to bandage him, his own animal to carry him while the Samaritan himself walked, his own money to pay for his care, and his own reputation and credit to vouch for any further expenses the man's care would require. Love can be costly. But if we have the means to help, we are to have courage and reach out to others. The Apostle John taught, "If we are rich and see others in need, yet close our hearts against them, how can we claim that we love God? My children, our love should not be just words and talk; it must be true love, which shows itself in action" (1 John 3:17-18).
There wasn't an emergency room where the Samaritan could take the man. Instead, he took him to a "motel" and cared for the man himself that night. The next day the Samaritan pays the innkeeper to take care of the wounded man and the Samaritan promises to take care of any additional costs when he returns from his trip. The Samaritan is generous, willing to provide "whatever he needs”.
Now Jesus punches home his point. He asks the lawyer which of the three proved to be a neighbor to the wounded man, and the lawyer is forced to reply, "The one who was kind to him."
The lawyer began by asking for a definition of "neighbour" in order to justify limiting his love to his fellow Jews only.